Brazilian Journal of Biology
versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984
GOLDANI, A.; CARVALHO, G. S. y BICCA-MARQUES, J. C.. Distribution patterns of Neotropical primates (Platyrrhini) based on Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2006, vol.66, n.1a, pp. 61-74. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842006000100009.
The Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity (PAE) is a method of historical biogeography that is used for detecting and connecting areas of endemism. Based on data on the distribution of Neotropical primates, we constructed matrices using quadrats, interfluvial regions and pre-determinated areas of endemism described for avians as Operative Geographic Units (OGUs). We codified the absence of a species from an OGU as 0 (zero) and its presence as 1 (one). A hypothetical area with a complete absence of primate species was used as outgroup to root the trees. All three analyses resulted in similar groupings of areas of endemism, which match the distribution of biomes in the Neotropical region. One area includes Central America and the extreme Northwest of South America, other the Amazon basin, and another the Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado and Chaco.
Palabras llave : Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity; neotropical primates; Platyrrhini; distribution patterns; endemism.