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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984On-line version ISSN 1678-4375


BRITSKI, HA.  and  GARAVELLO, JC.. Description of two new sympatric species of the genus Hisonotus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, 1889, from upper Rio Tapajós, Mato Grosso state, Brazil (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Loricariidae). Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2007, vol.67, n.3, pp.413-420. ISSN 1519-6984.

Two new species of the genus Hisonotus are described from the upper Rio Tapajós basin, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. They are small species, growing up to about 30.0 mm SL, having the scapular bridge wide and totally exposed or having a small median pair of arrector fossae, and the abdomen completely covered with large plates in adult specimens (about 23.0 mm SL). They are distinguished from their congeners by the following combination of characters: Hisonotus chromodontus has 20-40 reddish-brown tipped premaxillary teeth, and 15-38 on the dentary bones; 2324 plates on the longitudinal series; a prominent large dark brown lateral stripe extending from the tip of the snout to the caudal blotch; transversal dark brown bars very inconspicuous or absent. Hisonotus luteofrenatus has a moderate number (12-28) of hyaline or slightly yellow-tipped premaxillary teeth, and 9-26 on the dentary bones; 25-26 plates on the longitudinal series; a characteristic yellow line extending from the anterior part of each orbit, over the inferior nostril, both converging to the tip of the snout.

Keywords : Neotropical; freshwater fishes; systematics; Rio Tapajós; Brazil.

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