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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984versão On-line ISSN 1678-4375

Resumo

BATISTA, VS.  e  PETRERE JR, M.. Spatial and temporal distribution of fishing resources exploited by the Manaus fishing fleet, Amazonas, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2007, vol.67, n.4, pp.651-656. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842007000400009.

Fishing resources are important generators of income and food for the rural and urban people in the Amazon. The present paper investigates fishing and environmental variables determining fishing production landed in Manaus and evaluates the relative abundance of commercial fishes in the different sub-systems of the Central Amazon basin. Information collected was used to test the new catch index derived from multiple regressions with the following significant variables: number of fisherman days fishing; distance of the fishing ground from Manaus; amount of ice carried during the trip; and river level. There were no significant differences between mean catch values of the Purus, Madeira and Juruá sub-systems. These results suggest that the tributaries of the right margin were very similar and were the most productive in commercial terms. The actual production varies according to the recent magnitude of fishing effort, environmental variations and operational aspects of fishing, particularly ice consumption.

Palavras-chave : distribution; fishes; Amazon; fishing fleet; large rivers.

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