Brazilian Journal of Biology
versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984
ALGARTE, VM.; SIQUEIRA, NS.; MURAKAMI, EA. y RODRIGUES, L.. Effects of hydrological regime and connectivity on the interannual variation in taxonomic similarity of periphytic algae. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2009, vol.69, n.2, suppl., pp. 609-616. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842009000300015.
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of flood pulses (intensity) on the richness and composition of periphytic algae in lentic environments of the Upper Paraná River floodplain, over a six-year period. Other factors, such as connectivity of the environments with the main channel of the river and the availability of substrate for the periphyton, were also evaluated. For qualitative analyses, periphyton community was sampled from adult petioles of Eichhornia azurea Kunth taken from the littoral regions of the lakes studied. A total of 457 taxa of periphytic algae, distributed within 141 genera and 10 classes, were registered in the four environments. The greatest richness of periphytic algae was observed in connected floodplain lakes, especially in 2007 and during high water periods. In both connected and disconnected lakes, richness correlated positively with water levels of the Paraná River. Richness was also positively correlated with the number of taxa of aquatic macrophytes. The specific composition of periphytic algae differed between high and low water periods, and between connected and disconnected lakes. Therefore, among the considered variables, it is evident that flood pulse constitutes the principal force acting on periphytic algae communities of the floodplain, followed by the degree of connectivity and the presence of aquatic macrophytes.
Palabras llave : periphyton; species richness; species composition; flood pulse; floodplain; disturbance; degree of connectivity.