Brazilian Journal of Biology
versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984
FARRAPEIRA, CMR; MENDES, ES; DOURADO, J. e GUIMARAES, J. Coliform accumulation in Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darwin, 1854) (Cirripedia) and its use as an organic pollution bioindicator in the estuarine area of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2010, vol.70, n.2, pp. 301-309. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842010000200011.
Samples of water and barnacles Amphibalanus amphitrite were collected from Recife, Brazil, to assess if it accumulates total (TC) and thermotolerant coliforms (TTC) related with sewage pollution. The Most Probable Number (MPN) values and the standard procedures for examination of shellfish were used. Comparatively with the water samples, the highest coliform values came from the barnacles, with TC values ranging from < 3.0 × 103 to > 2.4 × 106 MPN.g-1, and TTC ranging from > 2.4 × 103 to 2.9 × 105 MPN.g-1. Barnacles accumulate the TC Ewingella americana, and the TTC Escherichia coli, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Enterobacter sakazakii. The results provided an indication of the level of organic contamination at the sampling locations and that this species could be a good organic pollution bioindicator.
Palavras-chave : barnacle; bioaccumulation; bioindicator; estuary; organic pollution.