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Brazilian Journal of Biology
On-line version ISSN 1519-6984
ALHO, CJR and SABINO, J. A conservation agenda for the Pantanal's biodiversity. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.71, n.1, suppl.1, pp. 327-335. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842011000200012.
The Pantanal's biodiversity constitutes a valuable natural resource, in economic, cultural, recreational, aesthetic, scientific and educational terms. The vegetation plus the seasonal productivity support a diverse and abundant fauna. Many endangered species occur in the region, and waterfowl are exceptionally abundant during the dry season. Losses of biodiversity and its associated natural habitats within the Pantanal occur as a result of unsustainable land use. Implementation of protected areas is only a part of the conservation strategy needed. We analyse biodiversity threats to the biome under seven major categories: 1) conversion of natural vegetation into pasture and agricultural crops, 2) destruction or degradation of habitat mainly due to wild fire, 3) overexploitation of species mainly by unsustainable fishing, 4) water pollution, 5) river flow modification with implantation of small hydroelectric plants, 6) unsustainable tourism, and 7) introduction of invasive exotic species.
Keywords : biodiversity; conservation; environmental threats; fauna; flora.