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Brazilian Journal of Biology
On-line version ISSN 1519-6984
ALHO, CJR.. Concluding remarks: overall impacts on biodiversity and future perspectives for conservation in the Pantanal biome. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.71, n.1, suppl.1, pp. 337-341. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842011000200013.
The Pantanal biome is characterised by seasonal flooding which determines specific ecosystem processes, with the occurrence of adapted plants and animals to the annual shrinking and expansion of habitats due to the seasonal hydrological regime. Biodiversity abundance varies during the dry and wet seasons. The Pantanal's biodiversity is a fundamental component of ecosystem services for human society, including nutrient cycling, fish production, ecotourism, carbon storage, flood control, among others, which are relevant to regional and global environmental consequences. The biome has been impacted by the conversion of natural vegetation into agricultural fields and pasture for cattle raising, with alteration and loss of natural habitats and biodiversity. Major negative impacts occur in uplands, with drastic deforestation of savanna vegetation, where main rivers feeding the Pantanal have their springs. This article discusses future needs and priorities for ecological research, in order to better understand the biome's natural system, to achieve conservation and sustainable use.
Keywords : biodiversity; conservation; environmental impacts; habitats; Pantanal.