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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

FERREIRA, ML.  y  DOMINGOS, M.. Seasonal characterization of antioxidant responses in plants of Ipomoea nil cv. Scarlet O'Hara. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.4, pp.831-837. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000500008.

Reactive oxygen species can be produced in leaf cells during normal aerobic metabolism or in a variety of exogenous factors, which may cause oxidative damage to plants, unless they have an efficient antioxidant defense system, consisting of enzymatic and non-enzymatic substances. This work raised the hypothesis that plants of Ipomoea nil cv. Scarlet O'Hara, a native species and ornamental vine of the tropics, might tolerate oxidative stress factors imposed by natural fluctuations in weather conditions through changes in the antioxidant profile.The objective of this study was to determine the variations in three leaf antioxidants in plants growing inside a greenhouse without air pollutants and exposed to varying meteorological conditions throughout the four seasons of the year and to observe if such variations are related to the oscillations in meteorological factors. Four experimental campaigns were carried out, one in each season of 2006. Each campaign lasted 28 days and started with 45 plants. Ascorbic acid (AA) concentrations and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) activities were determined in leaves of five plants in nine sampling days of each campaign. The antioxidant responses oscillated throughout the year. The highest values were found during the spring. This seasonal antioxidant profile was associated to variations in temperature, relative humidity and global radiation. Plants of this cultivar may then tolerate oxidative stress naturally imposed by meteorological conditions.

Palabras clave : climber plant; ascorbic acid; superoxide dismutase; peroxidase; meteorological factors.

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