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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

SCHUBER, JM.; MONTEIRO, LB.; ALMEIDA, LM.  y  ZAWADNEAK, MAC.. Natural enemies associated to aphids in peach orchards in Araucária, Paraná, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.4, pp.847-852. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000500010.

Natural enemies of the Class Insecta are important agents in the balance of aphid populations and an alternative to using insecticides to control these insects. The aim of this study was to identify the species of natural enemies associated with aphids present in peach orchards and observe the efficiency of capturing different sampling methods. The experiment was conducted from July, 2005 to September, 2006 in six peach orchards 'Chimarrita', in Araucária, PR, Brazil. The samples were taken by visual analysis in peach plants and weeds, yellow pan traps, sticky traps and funnels. Predator species were identified: Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, Cycloneda pulchella, Cycloneda sanguinea, Eriopis connexa, Harmonia axyridis, Hippodamia convergens and Scymnus sp. (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae), Allograpta sp., Palpada sp. and Toxomerus sp. (Diptera, Syrphidae) and Chrysoperla sp. (Neuroptera, Chrysopidae) and the parasitoids: Diaretiella rapae, Opius sp. and Praon sp (Braconidae). Examples of Encyrtidae and Eulophidae await identification. Chrysoperla sp. was a less abundant species. There were no statistically significant differences between the different sampling methods tested.

Palabras clave : aphids; insecta; parasitoids; predators; traps.

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