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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

ALLENSPACH, N.; TELLES, M.  y  DIAS, MM.. Phenology and frugivory by birds on Miconia ligustroides (MELASTOMATACEAE) in a fragment of cerrado, southeastern Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.4, pp.859-864. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000500012.

We identified the avian assembly that consumes Miconia ligustroides (Melastomataceae) fruit and described its phenophases in a fragment of cerrado vegetation located in southeastern Brazil. The fruiting period occurred between March and June, a period of food shortage. In 2005 and 2008, we registered eighteen bird species consuming fruits, during 156 hours of observations. Species of the families Thraupidae and Tyrannidae were the most representative in the number of visits and fruit consumption. Short visits (less than three minutes) and low incidence of defecation apparently indicate that seeds may be released far from the parent-plant, suggesting dispersal efficiency by the studied assembly. Owing to its characteristics, we believe Miconia ligustroides may be useful in the restoration of degraded areas.

Palabras clave : cerrado; frugivory; Miconia; ornitochory; phenology.

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