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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumo

MANNA, LR.; REZENDE, CF.  e  MAZZONI, R.. Plasticity in the diet of Astyanax taeniatus in a coastal stream from south-east Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.4, pp.919-928. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000500020.

In this work we aimed to characterise the diet of Astyanax taeniatus (Jenyns 1842) (Characiformes, Characidae) along the Mato Grosso stream and we hypothesised that the diet of this species would vary according to spatial, seasonal and ontogenetic differences. Specimens were collected every second month at three sites with different physical attributes. The feeding habits of 651 specimens were analysed using the Alimentary Index (IAi). Analysis of the diet showed an effect of spatial, temporal and ontogenetic factors. Vegetal allochthonous items were more important in the diet of Astyanax taeniatus in upstream sites while animal autochthonous items were more important downstream. Ontogenetic differences in the diet were significant only in upstream sites, where adults consumed a greater amount of vegetal matter than juveniles. These results reinforce the idea that Astyanax species are opportunistic and show trophic plasticity.

Palavras-chave : feeding; opportunism; stream fish.

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