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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumo

MONTEIRO, RF.; NASCIMENTO, MS.; SILVA, RM.  e  HESPENHEIDE, HA.. A remarkable leaf mine induced by Tachygonus sp.n. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Curculioninae: Rhamphini) on Erythroxylum subsessile (Erythroxylaceae) with a description of the new species. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.4, pp.949-953. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842012000500024.

In this study, we describe and present original data on the bionomics and ecology of Tachygonus erythroxyli Hespenheide, New Species, on Erythroxylum subsessile (Mart.). Thirty individuals of E. subsessile were analysed every two months, from October, 2006 to October, 2007 at the National Park of Restinga de Jurubatiba (PNRJ) Carapebus, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Females of T. erythroxyli lay their eggs singly on the upper surface of the host's leaves. The mine of T. erythroxyli is expanded with three bubbles, each one representing one larval instar. These mines occur throughout the year in at least half of the host plants and are markedly more abundant in summer. We obtained three parasitoid species, making a total of 53% of the rate of parasitism. Cirrospilus sp. (Eulophidae) was the most prevalent and represented 88% of the parasitoids. The great abundance of Tachygonus mines, their high frequency in their host plant, and local monophagy of this leaf miner weevil suggest a close association between T. erythroxyli and Erythroxylum subsessile.

Palavras-chave : Tachygonus erythroxyli; Erythroxylum subsessile; leaf miner; restinga.

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