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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

COELHO, FF; MARTINS, RP; FIGUEIRA, JEC  y  DEMETRIO, GR. Soil factors effects on life history attributes of Leiothrix spiralis and Leiothrix vivipara (Eriocaulaceae) on rupestrian grasslands in Southeastern Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.74, n.4, pp.828-836. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.04513.

In this study, we hypothesized that the life history traits of Leiothrix spiralis and L. vivipara would be linked to soil factors of the rupestrian grasslands and that rosette size would be influenced by soil moisture. Soil analyses were performed from five populations of L. spiralis and four populations of L. vivipara. In each area, three replicates were employed in 19 areas of occurrence of Leiothrix species, and we quantified the life history attributes. The microhabitats of these species show low favorability regarding to soil factors. During the dry season, their rosettes decreased in diameter due the loss of its most outlying leaves. The absence of seedlings indicated the low fecundity of both species. However, both species showed rapid population growth by pseudovivipary. Both L. spiralis and L. vivipara exhibit a kind of parental care that was quantified by the presence of connections between parental-rosettes and ramets. The findings of the present study show that the life history traits are linked to soil factors.

Palabras clave : life history; mountain habitats; pseudovivipary; soil factors; water scarcity.

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