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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984

Abstract

CARDOSO, GHS; DANTAS, EBS; SOUSA, FRC  and  PERON, AP. Cytotoxicity of aqueous extracts of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Labiatae) in plant test system. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.74, n.4, pp.886-889. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.07313.

This study investigated the cytotoxic activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) aqueous extract on the cell cycle of Allium cepa. To this end, crude aqueous leaf extracts at four concentrations, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08 mg/mL, were tested on A. cepa meristematic root cells, at exposure times of 24 and 48h. Slides were prepared by the crushing technique, and cells analyzed throughout the cell cycle, totaling 5,000 for each control group and concentration. The four concentrations tested, including the lowest and considered ideal for use, at all exposure times, showed a significant antiproliferative effect on the cell cycle of this test system and presented a high number of cells in prophase. Our results evidenced the cytotoxicity of rosemary extracts, under the studied conditions.

Keywords : medicinal plant; rosemary; antiproliferative effect; Allium cepa.

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