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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

NASCIMENTO, WF. et al. Distribution, management and diversity of the endangered Amerindian yam (Dioscorea trifida L.). Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2015, vol.75, n.1, pp.104-113. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.08313.

The objective of this study was to verify the occurrence of Dioscorea trifida in Brazil and to obtain information concerning its distribution, management and diversity. Farmers from 21 communities were interviewed in the states of São Paulo, Santa Catarina and Mato Grosso. During the visits, semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect socio-economic, management and diversity data for this crop. Fifty-one collected accessions, plus two accessions obtained at local markets of Amazonas, were characterized using 12 morphological traits. Most the interviewed farmers were men (75%) with a mean age of 59.5 years. Just a few young people and labor force were available for agricultural activities, with an average of only three individuals per farm. Most farmers (56%) grew only one variety of D. trifida, although 44% had more than one variety in their fields, which aims to provide greater assurance at harvest. Many popular names were observed for D. trifida, and cará roxo (purple yam) was the name most used by farmers (43.4%). Characters referring to the tuber, such as skin and flesh color, were most relevant for the distinction of the accessions. The results of this study may collaborate to develop strategies for conservation, both ex situ and in situ, within the view of on farm conservation.

Palabras clave : genetic variation; in situ/on farm conservation; tuber; morphological traits.

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