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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Resumen

ROCHA, M. et al. Effect of fire on a monodominant floating mat of Cyperus giganteus Vahl in a neotropical wetland. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2015, vol.75, n.1, pp.114-124. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.08613.

The rhizomatous Cyperus giganteus, abundant in the Pantanal wetland, can dominate extense floodable areas as monodominant communities. The Jacadigo lake has a large area of C. giganteus, where we performed an evaluation on community structure during two months in 2010, before it was hit by a wildfire which top-killed the vegetation, compared to ten months post-fire. We utilized 40 plots of 1m × 1m, along permanent trails, assessing two strata: the upper, near the inflorescence of adult plants, and the lower, close to the water level. Our results show that fire does not affect dominance of C. giganteus, as it maintained the same cover as before fire; species richness is not much altered either - 28 before fire and 34 thereafter. Fire changed the floristic composition, due to the annual variation of species and the ability of some plants to colonize gaps and to regrow after fire from underground organs and seeds. The stratification of the vegetation with characteristic species of upper and lower strata was similar after fire.

Palabras clave : Cyperaceae; floating meadow; diversity; Pantanal; plant succession.

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