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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984On-line version ISSN 1678-4375

Abstract

COMERLATO, J. et al. Distribution and genetic diversity of the human polyomaviruses JC and BK in surface water and sewage treatment plant during 2009 in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2017, vol.77, n.3, pp.459-468.  Epub Sep 26, 2016. ISSN 1519-6984.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.15415.

The human polyomaviruses JC and BK (JCPyV and BKPyV) are ubiquitous, species-specific viruses that belong to the family Polyomaviridae. These viruses are known to be excreted in human urine, and they are potential indicators of human wastewater contamination. In order to assess the distribution of both JCPyV and BKPyV in urban water samples collected from a sewage treatment plant (STP) and from a canalized water stream of Porto Alegre, Brazil, two nested-PCR assays were optimized and applied to the samples collected. The amplicons obtained were submitted to sequencing, and the sequences were analyzed with sequences of human polyomaviruses previously deposited in GenBank. Twelve out of 30 water samples (40%) were JCPyV positive, whereas six samples (20%) were BKPyV positive. The sequencing results confirmed the presence of JCPyV subtypes 1 and 3, whereas only BKPyV Ia and Ib were found. This study shows for the first time the presence of human polyomaviruses in surface water and in samples collected in a sewage treatment plant in southern Brazil.

Keywords : BKPyV; human polyomaviruses; JCPyV; nPCR; urban wastewater; Arroio Dilúvio.

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