Revista Contabilidade & Finanças
On-line version ISSN 1808-057X
MESCHI, Pierre-Xavier and RICCIO, Edson Luiz. How do country risk and national cultural differences between partners affect the survival of international alliances in emerging countries? Longitudinal analysis of 165 international joint ventures in Brazil 1974 to 2005. Rev. contab. finanç. [online]. 2007, vol.18, n.spe, pp. 96-107. ISSN 1808-057X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-70772007000300009.
This article aims at identifying the individual and joint impact of two « country-level variables », namely national distance and country risk, on the survival of international joint ventures in emerging countries. Research hypotheses predicting the negative impact of national distance and country risk on survival are formulated in this article. These research hypotheses are tested in a sample of 165 international joint ventures that were formed in Brazil between 1974 and 2003. These joint ventures were subjected to an event history analysis over a period of time ranging from 1974 to 2005. The empirical results show that the intercultural dynamics increases the instability of international joint ventures whereas the survival of these alliances does not seem to be affected by the economic and political uncertainty of Brazil. Furthermore, the national distance between local and foreign partners has effects on survival that are variable according to the life cycle of international joint ventures.
Keywords : Joint Venture; Emerging Country and Brazil; Event History Analysis; Survival; Country Risk and Cultural Distance.