versión On-line ISSN 1676-0603
PEREIRA, Pedro Henrique Cipresso y JACOBUCCI, Giuliano Buzá. Diet and feeding behavior of Malacoctenus delalandii (Perciformes: Labrisomidae). Biota Neotrop. [online]. 2008, vol.8, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1676-0603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032008000300014.
This work analyzed the diet composition and the feeding behavior of Malacoctenus delalandii, a carnivorous species, with diurnal habit, that lives in holes and crevices of rock areas in tropical waters. For diet evaluation, 31 individuals were collected during diving using hand nets, in the Fortaleza beach, Ubatuba. The feeding offer was analyzed comparing the stomach contents of the collected individuals with ten samples of the Amphiroa beauvoisii calcareous algal phytal, the species foraging site. To describe the feeding behavior of M. delalandii 44 observation sections were performed using ad libitum and focal animal methods. The food items considered constant were crustaceans belonging to the order Isopoda (75.8%) and the suborder Gammaridea (86.2%), confirming the species carnivorous feeding habit. There was a significant difference (G = 278.89, df=70, p < 0.01) between the availability of items in the substrate and the occurrence in the stomachs. A total of 410minutes (6.8 hours) of direct underwater observations were performed, and we concluded that the individuals use the grubber excavation while moving feeding strategy. The species presented a foraging rate of 0.74 ± 0.164 bites per minutes (average ± standard deviation), evidencing low feeding activity and cryptobenthic habit.
Palabras llave : blenny; trophic ecology; stomach contents; foraging activity; southeast Brazil.