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Biota Neotropica

On-line version ISSN 1676-0611


KAUFMANN, Vander  and  PINHEIRO, Adilson. Relationship between ichthyofaunal diversity and hydrodynamic factors in a stream of Uruguay river basin. Biota Neotrop. [online]. 2009, vol.9, n.1. ISSN 1676-0611.

Physical, chemical and environmental factors in watercourses can exert influence on the structure and diversity of species of aquatic biota. Among the physical factors there are hydrodynamic conditions. Disposal variations result into complex dynamics of fish populations and communities. This study aims at assessing the correlation between hydrodynamic variables in the Fortaleza stream, affluent of Uruguay River, and species diversity. The methodology included the collection of hydrodynamic (average depth of the water column, average water flow speed and discharged water in the pluvial metric section) and biological (fish collection in the areas of influence on pluvial metric sections) data. Shannon diversity indices, equitability and the similarity index were calculated with biological data. It has been collected a sample with 527 fishes. There were 25 species, being 4 exotic ones and 4 species not-yet-classified. Such species included 4 orders, 7 families and 13 genera classified. The Shannon index ranged from 1.43 to 2.68 nats/individual. The equitability index was always above 0.8 indicating that individuals are well distributed among different species. The similarity index of Jaccard ranged between 20 and 80%. The lowest figures were obtained from the sample area located near the source. The correlations between the Shannon index and hydrodynamic features resulted in R2 coefficients ranging between 0.59 and 0.83. These results show that diversity of species is influenced by the hydrodynamic characteristics. Nevertheless, either depth of water column or discharge average speed is not significant enough to explain the spatial variability of the diversity of species.

Keywords : streamflow; fish diversity; biologic indexes.

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