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Biota Neotropica

versión On-line ISSN 1676-0611

Resumen

VITAL, José Francalino; VARELLA, Angela Maria Bezerra; PORTO, Daniel Brito  y  MALTA, José Celso de Oliveira. Seasonality of the metazoan fauna of Pygocentrus nattereri (Kner, 1858) in Piranha Lake, (Amazonas, Brazil), and evaluation of its potential as an indicator of environmental health. Biota Neotrop. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.1, pp.199-204. ISSN 1676-0611.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032011000100021.

The metazoan parasitic fauna of Pygocentrus nattereri collected in different phases of hydrologic cycle of Piranha lake was studied during the year of 2007. The study area is located in gas pipeline Coari-Manaus construction zone, near the municipality of Manacapuru-Am. The relationship between condition factor and parasite occurrence and the viability of use the parasitic fauna as an environmental bio-indicator were verified. The following Monogenoidea were collected: Amphithecium microphalum, Amphitecium brachycirrum, Amphitecium calycinum, Amphithecium catalaoensis, Amphithecium junki, Pithanothecium amazonensis e Rhinoxenus piranhus, as well as the nematode Procamallanus inopinatus, the copepod Miracetyma sp. and the isopod Anphira branchialis. There was not significant correlation between the parasite occurrence and the condition factor. There were significant variances in the parasitic index according to the different periods of hydrologic cycle and P. nattereri has achieved the conditions described in the literature to be select a fish-host and his parasite fauna as biomonitor.

Palabras clave : parasitism; piranha; Amazon; enviromental biomonitoring; fish parasites.

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