On-line version ISSN 1676-0603
KIPPER, Darlon; BIALETZKI, Andréa and SANTIN, Miriam. Taxonomic composition of the assemblage of fish larvae in the Rosana reservoir, Paranapanema River, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.1, pp. 421-426. ISSN 1676-0603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032011000100039.
There are few studies in reservoirs that consider the Early Life Stages (ELS) of fish. Information on the ecology of fish larvae are useful for understanding the biology of the species, since ELS represent a critical period in fish life cycle. In this context, knowledge about the assemblages of larvae can be valuable for the prediction and understanding of recruitment, thus assisting in the management of the environment. Therefore, this study intends to investigate the composition of the assemblage of fish larvae in different regions of Rosana reservoir. Samples were collected quarterly (March, June, September and December) in 2002, in the limnetic and littoral regions of the zones fluvial, transition and lacustrine of reservoir. In the laboratory, the material was sorted and larvae were separated and identified to lowest possible taxonomic level. The taxa that were the major contributors in the limnetic region were Plagioscion squamosissimus (Perciformes), Hypophthalmus edentatus, Pimelodus maculatus (Siluriformes), Astyanax spp. and Roeboides descalvadensis (Characiformes), whereas in the coastal region Bryconamericus stramineus and Apareiodon affinis (Characiformes) prevailed. Limnetic and littoral regions of the reservoir, as well as their respective zones showed differences in larvae species composition and segregation of assemblages can be influenced by a preference for habitats or evolutionary questions involving reproductive strategies of species.
Keywords : ichthyoplankton; limnetic region; littoral region; reservoir.