Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
On-line version ISSN 1678-4774
CASTELLI, Erick da Cruz et al. No mutations found in exons of TP53, H-RAS and K-RAS genes in liver of male Wistar rats submitted to a medium-term chemical carcinogenesis assay. J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. [online]. 2002, vol.38, n.3, pp. 175-182. ISSN 1678-4774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-24442002000300003.
The standard protocol to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of chemicals is the long-term bioassay in rodents, not performed in developing countries due to its high cost and complex operational procedures. Our laboratory has established an alternative medium-term bioassay in Wistar rats, also called DMBDD assay, based on the paradigm initiation/promotion of chemical carcinogenesis. This method was accepted by the Brazilian Environment Agency (IBAMA) as an official source of evidence of carcinogenicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate alterations in exons 5 to 8 of the tumor suppressor gene TP53 and exons 1 and 2 of oncogenes K-RAS and H-RAS in neoplastic and preneoplastic hepatic lesions observed in DMBDD assay. The characterization of these alterations may contribute to the recognition of patterns of damage in critical genes, as well as to suggest mechanisms of action of the compounds tested in the protocol. Sixty male Wistar rats were separated into 3 groups: the first was treated with no chemicals; the second received five initiating agents and the third received initiation followed by phenobarbital. Liver DNA samples (obtained from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues after histological analysis) were evaluated by the non-isotopic PCR-SSCP technique. No changes in any analyzed exons were detected by the PCR-SSCP banding pattern in all experimental groups. This result suggests that liver mutations in exons 5 to 8 of TP53 and exons 1 and 2 of H-RAS and K-RAS are not among the early molecular alterations occurring in the hepatic carcinogenesis process induced by the DMBDD protocol in male Wistar rats.
Keywords : PCR-SSCP; TP53; RAS; DMBDD; Liver; Chemical carcinogenesis.