Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
Print version ISSN 1676-2444
SOARES, Rosilene Calazans et al. Immunohistochemical expression of extracellular matrix proteins in calcifying odontogenic cyst. J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. [online]. 2004, vol.40, n.5, pp. 343-349. ISSN 1676-2444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-24442004000500010.
BACKGROUND: The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is an odontogenic lesion of benign nature considered by some authors as an exclusively cystic lesion, while others admit a benign neoplastic counterpart. Some studies have studied the nature of the characteristic ghost cells of the COC. However, the understanding of the expression of the extracellular matrix (MEC) components in this lesion remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To carry out an immunohistochemical evaluation of the expression of some proteins of the MEC in specimens of COCs, in order to verify wheather there are significant differences in this expression, or these patterns represent a spectrum of the same entity. METHODS: Ten cases of COCs were selected, representing the following diagnosis: Five cases of simple unicystic type, three odontoma producing type and two with ameloblastomatous proliferating type. The specimens were processed for immunohistochemical staining by the streptavidin-biotin method with monoclonal antibodies anti-fibronectin, tenascin and collagen I. RESULTS: A variable expression of the proteins studied was verified, not only in the lesions of the same group, but also among the three studied groups. There was a notable reactivity for the three antibodies in ghost cells. CONCLUSION: It was not possible to observe a characteristic staining profile that denoted differences between the simple unicystic type, the odontoma producing type and the ameloblastomatous proliferating type. This finding supports the concept that the histologic types of the COC might represent different specters of the same entity with similar biological behavior.
Keywords : Calcifying odontogenic; cyst; Extracellular matrix; Jaws.