Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
On-line version ISSN 1678-4774
MORAES, Maiara de et al. Solitary Kaposi's sarcoma in retromolar region of an HIV positive patient: case report. J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.1, pp.45-49. ISSN 1678-4774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-24442012000100009.
Kaposi's sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of vascular origin. It occurs mainly among immune deficient individuals, thus it is the most common neoplasm among HIV- positive patients. Its pathogenesis is complex and has not been fully clarified. This case arouses particular interest due to its anatomic location in the retromolar region of a 39-year-old male HIV- positive patient, who presented low white blood cell count and was not undergoing antiretroviral therapy. The emergence of this lesion may be associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) discontinuation and leukopenia. Hence, the reestablishment of therapy allows a suitable therapeutic approach and contributes to prognosis and survival rates.
Keywords : HIV; Kaposi's sarcoma; Neoplasia.