Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
On-line version ISSN 1678-4774
SOARES FILHO, Porphirio José et al. Effect of tibolone on the morphology of skeletal muscle, liver enzymes and blood glucose level in castrated female rats. J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.3, pp.175-183. ISSN 1678-4774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-24442012000300005.
INTRODUCTION: The liver is a highly complex structure and it is essential to understand how certain substances may affect its structure and functions. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the influence of tibolone on hepatic metabolism by assessing metabolites and enzymes commonly used in liver function tests. METHODS: Ten Wistar rats in surgical menopausal status were divided into two groups: control (n = 4) and tibolone (n = 6). Tibolone (1 mg) was administered by gavage daily for 20 weeks and body weight was periodically assessed. After sedation, blood sampling was performed for biochemical evaluation of serum albumin (Alb), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), transaminases (aspartat aminotranferase and alanine aminotranferase [AST/ALT]), gamma glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) and glucose by spectrophotometry. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained histological sections of the skeletal thigh muscle were assessed by histomorphometry. RESULTS: The animals in the tibolone group showed lower body weight, skeletal muscle alterations and slight biochemical changes. In the tibolone group, AST and ALP were decreased GGT was higher, but without a statistically significant difference. The muscle histomorphometry showed that the tibolone group tended to present a lower cell volume. CONCLUSION: Tibolone administered in high doses and for a prolonged period does not interfere significantly neither with liver metabolic functions nor liver synthesis, nor with cell membrane permeability. However, it seems to modulate the genomic expression of GGT. Tibolone has systemic influence on lower body weight, reduced muscle mass, and significant increase in relative liver weight. Additionally, liver and muscular glycogenolysis, liver gluconeogenesis and circulating glucose levels are altered.
Keywords : Tibolone; Menopause; Liver; Enzymes; Rodents.