Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
On-line version ISSN 1678-4774
TESTAGROSSA, Leonardo de Abreu and MALHEIROS, Denise Maria Avancini Costa. Study of the morphologic variants of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: a Brazilian report. J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.3, pp.211-215. ISSN 1678-4774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-24442012000300009.
INTRODUCTION: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most frequent primary glomerulopathy in Brazil and its incidence is increasing worldwide. Pathogenesis is related to podocyte injury, which may be due to several factors including viruses, drugs, genetics and immunological factors. In 2004, the Columbia classification of FSGS identified five histological variants of the disease: collapsing (COL), usual (NOS), tip lesion (TIP), perihilar (PHI) and cellular variant (CEL). The objective of this study was to classify the FSGS biopsies in these morphological variants. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one cases of renal biopsies with primary FSGS diagnosis, which had been performed at a Brazilian reference center from 1996 to 2006, were classified according to the Columbia criteria. RESULTS: FSGS cases were distributed as follows: 38.2% NOS variant, 36.6% COL, 14.5% TIP, 6.9% PHI and 3.8% CEL. CONCLUSION: COL variant of FSGS seems to be more prevalent in Brazil in comparison with other centers worldwide, which may be related to environmental and socioeconomic factors.
Keywords : Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis; Variants of FSGS; Collapsing FSGS.