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Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology

versão impressa ISSN 1676-2649

Resumo

ALONSO, Neide Barreira et al. Depressive symptoms and quality of life in people with epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis. J. epilepsy clin. neurophysiol. [online]. 2005, vol.11, n.3, pp.117-122. ISSN 1676-2649.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-26492005000300009.

INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms and quality of life in people with epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis Introduction: Difficulties in working, interpersonal, familial and social relationships, the perception of stigma, the discrimination by others have been associated with interictal depressive state influencing negatively the quality of live (QOL) of people with epilepsy. Depression has a high prevalence (20-55%) in epilepsies, being considered the most important factor in the judgment of the patient concerning his QOL. Objective: To evaluate the occurrence of depressive symptoms in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy due to mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS); to study the association between depressive symptoms and QOL as well as of the lateralization of the structural lesion and depressive symptoms. Methodology: 70 patients with MTS in the Outpatient Clinic were evaluated between June 2003 and April 2005. Besides the clinical anamnesis and examination all the patients had ancillary exams (EEG, video-EEG, MRI), psychological and psychiatric evaluation and QOL evaluation which was performed with a semi-structured interview, the questionnaire Medical Outcomes Short Form 36 (SF-36) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Results: 42 (60%) patients were female and 28 (40%) male. The average age was 37 and the mean epilepsy duration 26. In 40 (57%) MTS was located on the left and in 30 (42%) on the right. As to the work situation, 34 (49%) were in welfare/retired due to illness/without any productive activity. 31 (44%) stated that lack of work was the greatest burden of epilepsy. 39 (56%) presented depressive symptoms with lower scores in the SF-36 when compared to those without depression. A high score of the BDI, an indication of depression, maintained a significant association (Spearman coefficient p < 0.001) in all SF-36 domains with the exception of Functional Capacity. There was, however, no correlation between the lateralization of MTS and depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The presence of depression influences the personal judgment in relation to QOL. The systematic use of simple instruments would allow the precocious identification of humor disturbances contributing significantly to the improvement of QOL of people with epilepsy.

Palavras-chave : temporal lobe epilepsy; quality of life; depressive symptoms; BDI; SF-36.

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