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Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology

Print version ISSN 1676-2649On-line version ISSN 1980-5365

Abstract

SILVA, Iara Ribeiro et al. Epilepsy and neuroprotection: employment of the RPia during status epilepticus induced by pilocarpine. J. epilepsy clin. neurophysiol. [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.3, pp.106-110. ISSN 1676-2649.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-26492008000300005.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the neuroprotection of the RPia in rats subjected to status epilepticus (SE) induced by pilocarpine (Pilo). METHODS: We evaluated the mismatch between local cerebral glucose utilisation (LCGU) and local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) 4 hours after SE induction. Neuronal loss was evaluated by Fluoro Jade-B (FJB) 24 hours and 90 days after SE. Four groups were studied: Saline, Pilo, RPia+Saline and RPia+Pilo. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Significant increases in the LCGU were observed in the almost all brain regions of Pilo and RPia+Pilo groups compared to control. However, significant reduction in the LCGU occurred in the substantia nigra pars reticulata and hippocampal formation of RPia+Pilo group versus Pilo. There was significant increase of the LCBF in all the studied areas, comparing the Pilo and RPia+Pilo groups with the control. The increases of LCBF was more intense in rats from RPia+Pilo compared to Pilo, and located mainly in CA2, CA3, dentate gyrus, entorhinal cortex, thalamic nuclei, mammillary body, red nucleus, zone incerta, pontine nucleus and visual cortex. A great number FJB stained cells was observed in the Pilo group and RPia pretreatment reduced the staining in the hippocampal formation, piriform cortex, basolateral amygdala and substantia nigra pars compacta.

Keywords : Pilocarpine; neuroprotection; adenosine; glucose metabolism; cerebral blood flow.

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