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Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology

Print version ISSN 1676-2649On-line version ISSN 1980-5365

Abstract

SCHLINDWEIN-ZANINI, Rachel et al. Stigma perception on children with refractory epilepsy: comparative study between chronic diseases in the childhood. J. epilepsy clin. neurophysiol. [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.3, pp.114-118. ISSN 1676-2649.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-26492008000300007.

The refractory epilepsy causes an impact in the social integration, emotional and neuropsychological repercussions, which make living with the stigma possible by the patient and the patient's family. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stigma perception on children who suffer from refractory epilepsy and the severe asthma and also on their caregivers, correlating the results between these two chronic diseases. To check the possible differences in the perception of the stigma between these two groups of children. METHODS: Hypothetical-deductive-observational-transversal research. The sample was done with children who suffer from refractory epilepsy (and their caregivers) and with the control group of children with severe asthma (and their caregivers). The evaluations were realized based on the Stigma scale (Child stigma scale e Parent stigma scale) and the Weschsler intelligence scale (WISC III - child version and WAIS III - adult version) (in exclusion criteria). RESULTS: The analysis of the variances has shown that the stigma perception is similar on both diseases, with average figures of 22, 35 on children with epilepsy and 20, 84 on those with asthma. Most of the children have shown punctuation in the stigma scale, among average and high numbers, suggesting a significant perception of the stigma. While the caregivers of children with epilepsy have shown average 15, 35 and those who take care of children with asthma have presented an average 15, 16, indicating the same living stigma among caregivers.

Keywords : Epilepsy; stigma; asthma; caregivers; child.

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