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Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology
On-line version ISSN 1980-5365
BETTING, Luiz Eduardo and GUERREIRO, Carlos A. M.. Partial epilepsies treatment. J. epilepsy clin. neurophysiol. [online]. 2008, vol.14, suppl.2, pp.25-31. ISSN 1980-5365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-26492008000600005.
Partial epilepsies are the most common form of epilepsy in adult individuals. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) continue as the main form of treatment for patients with epilepsy. Regardless of the importance of the medication a high number of patients are under inappropriate or not receiving AEDs. There are several medications available for the treatment of epilepsy. The choice of a particular medication or association among AEDs may be individualized as much as possible. In this article some aspects such as classification, onset of the seizures, age, sex, associated medical conditions, cost and posology of AEDs and medical drug history are reviewed. Details of the available AEDs are also discussed. These points may help to create a profile helping the decision for the appropriate AED. Some practical issues like adverse reaction management, monotherapy and politherapy are also discussed.
Keywords : Partial epilepsy; focal epilepsy; medical treatment; monotherapy; polytherapy; antiepileptic drugs.