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Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology

On-line version ISSN 1677-9452


SILVA, Maria do Céu et al. Coffee resistance to the main diseases: leaf rust and coffee berry disease. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. [online]. 2006, vol.18, n.1, pp.119-147. ISSN 1677-9452.

Considerable success has been obtained in the use of classical breeding to control economically important plant diseases, such as the coffee leaf rust and the coffee berry disease (CBD). There is a strong consensus that growing genetically resistant varieties is the most appropriate cost effective means of managing plant diseases and is one of the key components of crop improvement. It has also been recognized that a better knowledge of both, the pathogens and the plant defence mechanisms will allow the development of novel approaches to enhance the durability of resistance. After a brief description of concepts in the field of plant disease resistance, we attempt to give a view of the research progress on coffee leaf rust and CBD concerned with the pathogens infection and variability, coffee breeding for resistance and coffee resistance mechanisms.

Keywords : Coffea; Colletotrichum kahawae; Hemileia vastatrix; coffee breeding; resistance.

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