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Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
On-line version ISSN 1677-9452
CLEBSCH, Cláudia C.; DIVAN JUNIOR, Armando M.; OLIVEIRA, Paulo L. and NICOLAU, Márcio. Physiological disturbances promoted by ozone in five cultivars of Phaseolus vulgaris L.. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. [online]. 2009, vol.21, n.4, pp.319-329. ISSN 1677-9452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202009000400008.
Bean seedlings of Fepagro 26, Guapo Brilhante, Iraí, Macotaço and US Pinto 111 cultivars were submitted to treatments with or without addition of ozone to the ambient air, in order to evaluate the effects of exposure on photosynthesis, relative electrolyte leakage, foliar abscission and biomass of the seedlings. Exposure to ozone caused significant decreases in the net assimilation of all cultivars except Iraí. It also caused a significant increase in electrolyte leakage from the Pinto cultivar, but only when AOT40 was the highest. It also produced significant anticipation in the time of foliar abscission in the Pinto, Fepagro and Guapo cultivars. The variability observed in the biomass measurements reflected the limitations to perform long-term controlled-environment studies, one of the major challengers yet to be overcome in order to obtain more conclusive data on damages induced on crop species resulting from tropospheric ozone enrichment.
Keywords : photosynthesis; relative electrolyte leakage; foliar abscission; biomass.