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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449On-line version ISSN 1677-7301


SOLANO, José Del Carmen et al. Arterial sheath removal after percutaneous coronary intervention: resident versus specialized nurse. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2006, vol.5, n.1, pp.42-46. ISSN 1677-5449.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of sheath removal by the catheterization lab specialist nurse and by the interventional cardiology resident in patients submitted to a percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: Prospective study with 100 patients submitted to percutaneous coronary intervention, from September to October 2004, who were divided into two groups: Group A (GA) - nurse (n = 48) and Group B (GB) - resident (n = 52). Small hematoma was defined as a palpable swelling at the access site measuring less than 2 cm; mild hematoma, from 2 to 6 cm in diameter; and large hematoma when it was larger than 6 cm in diameter. The heparin dose was 100 IU/kg. The sheaths were removed after activated coagulation time control (ACT < 180 seconds) and a 15-minute manual compression was used. RESULTS: Patients' age was 59.54 ± 11.1 (GA) and 61.7 ± 10.4 (GB) years with a predominance of male patients (GA = 75% and GB = 58%). 7F sheaths were used. Manual compression time was 19.4 ± 3.1 min for GA and 19.6 ± 3.1 min for GB (P = 0.76). There were eight hematomas in GA (seven small and one mild) and nine hematomas in GB (seven small and two mild), P = nonsignificant. The hematomas were clinically treated, with no complications. CONCLUSION: Arterial sheath removal, after percutaneous coronary interventions, can be made by the catheterization lab specialist nurse or interventional cardiology resident safely and without major complications.

Keywords : Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; nursing; training.

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