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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
On-line version ISSN 1677-7301
BRASILEIRO, José Lacerda et al. Ischemia and reperfusion of the soleus muscle of rats with pentoxifylline. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2007, vol.6, n.1, pp. 50-63. ISSN 1677-7301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492007000100008.
BACKGROUND: Reperfusion of the skeletal muscle worsens existing lesions during ischemia, since the production of reactive oxygen species, associated with intense participation of neutrophils, increases the inflammatory reaction that induces tissue changes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphological and immunohistochemical changes of the skeletal (soleus) muscle of rats submitted to ischemia and reperfusion with pentoxifylline. METHODS: Sixty rats were submitted to ischemia of the pelvic limb for 6 hours induced by clamping the left common iliac artery. After ischemia, group A animals (n = 30) were observed for 4 hours and group B animals (n = 30) for 24 hours. Six animals constituted the sham group. Pentoxifylline was applied only in the reperfusion period A2 (n = 10) and B2 (n = 10), and in ischemia and reperfusion periods in A3 (n = 10) and B3 (n = 10). The soleus muscle was evaluated by histological (fiber disruption, leukocyte infiltrate, necrosis) and immunohistochemical (apoptosis through caspase-3 expression) analysis. The non-parametric tests Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney (p < 0.05) were applied. RESULTS: The changes were more intense in group B1, with fiber disruption mean scores of 2.16±0.14; neutrophilic infiltrate of 2.05±0.10; and caspase-3 expression in the perivascular area of 4.30±0.79; and less intense in group A3, with means of 0.76±0.16; 0.92±0.10; 0.67±0,15, respectively (p < 0.05). Caspase-3 was more expressive in group B1 in the perivascular area, with mean of 4.30±0.79 when compared with group B1 in the perinuclear area, with mean of 0.91±0.32 (p < 0.05) CONCLUSIONS: The lesions were more intense when observation time was longer after reperfusion, and pentoxifylline attenuated these lesions, above all when used in the beginning of ischemia and reperfusion phases.
Keywords : Ischemia; reperfusion; skeletal muscle; rats; pentoxifylline; caspases; apoptosis.