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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

versão impressa ISSN 1677-5449

Resumo

BARROS JUNIOR, Newton de; PEREZ, Maria Del Carmen Janeiro; AMORIM, Jorge Eduardo de  e  MIRANDA JUNIOR, Fausto. Pregnancy and lower limb varicose veins: prevalence and risk factors. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.2, pp.29-35. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492010000200004.

Background: During and after pregnancy, lower limb varicose disease presents specific features that have influenced the conduction of studies designed to provide a better understanding of the condition. Such features include the appearance of lower limb varicose veins, their early development and intensity, and their rapid regression after delivery. Objective: To assess the prevalence of lower limb varicose disease during pregnancy and to identify the main associated risk factors. Prevalence of varicose disease during pregnancy is high, affecting almost 70% of pregnant women considering all types of varicose disease. This high prevalence is mainly caused by the increase in the estrogen and progesterone levels during pregnancy. Material and method: We analyzed 352 pregnant women during prenatal follow-up. The subjects were randomly selected during a 14-month period. Varicose disease was clinically identified and classified according to Widmer's criteria: trunk varicose veins, reticular varicose veins, and telangiectasias; being reclassified according to the criteria of the CEAP clinical classification. The results of prevalence and risk factors were statistically analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Considering all types of varicose veins, prevalence of varicose disease was 72.7% (256 pregnant women). Only 27.3% (96) of pregnant women did not have varicose disease (C0), and this group was considered the control group. After multivariate analysis, the main risk factors were: family history and pregnant women's age. Conclusion: The high prevalence of varicose disease and the associated risk factors suggest the need of providing the health professionals involved in women's health care, especially during the fertile period, with information on this disease.

Palavras-chave : Pregnancy; varicose veins; epidemiology; veins.

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