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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

versão impressa ISSN 1677-5449

Resumo

MASSIERE, Bernardo et al. Carotid angioplasty with flow reversion in octogenarians: a case report. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.3, pp.186-189. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492010000300017.

Octogenarian patients submitted to carotid angioplasty present higher incidence of neurological events when compared to younger patients and to patients in this same age submitted to carotid endarterectomy. The higher complication rate could be related to anatomic and anatomopathological factors that increase technical difficulties and atheroembolic risk associated with the endovascular procedure. At the operating room, the patient was in dorsal decubitus position and submitted to general anesthesia. Limited transversal surgical access was carried out on the right neck base, with dissection, identification and restoration of the common carotid artery and internal jugular vein. A 8F sheath was implanted cranially oriented into the common carotid by Seldinger technique after endovenous injection of 10.000 UI of heparin. Another 8F sheath was implanted into the internal jugular vein in caudal orientation. Both sheath were connected by the use of infusion set segment. The common carotid artery was clamped with a silastic double lace, establishing reversion of blood flow in the internal carotid artery. The lesion was crossed by 0.014 x 190 cm wire and the carotid angioplasty was performed employing a 5 x 20 mm ballon and a stent (Wallstent® 7 x 50 - Boston Scientific) was introduced, positioned and released. Carotid angioplasty with transcervical flow reversal is a cost effective brain protection strategy, associated to low embolic potential in octagenarian patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Palavras-chave : Carotid artery diseases; angioplasty; intracranial embolism.

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