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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

versão impressa ISSN 1677-5449

Resumo

BATISTA, Rafaela das Mercês et al. Association betwenn periodontal disease and subclinic atherosclerosis: a sistematic review. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.3, pp.229-238. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492011000300008.

The association between periodontal disease and the development of atherosclerosis has been studied. The systematic review of literature aims to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and subclinical atherosclerosis. A literature search of the PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and Scielo bibliographic databases was conducted using the following descriptors: "periodontal disease", "periodontitis", "carotid", and "therosclerosis". Articles were excluded if they: presented abstracts written in languages other than Portuguese, English and Spanish; experimental studies; did not contain data testing the degree of association between periodontal disease and subclinical atherosclerosis; did measure the extent of periodontal disease by parameters other than the clinical examination; did not measure the carotid artery intima-media wall thickness by ultrasonography; and covered specific population groups. The studies design, measurement protocols and reported data were compared. A total of 63 papers identified only 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria: 1 longitudinal study, 6 cross-sectional, and 3 case control studies. There was a wide heterogeneity between the studies regarding the methods of measuring periodontal disease and atherosclerosis outcomes. The conclusion is that periodontal infections are strongly associated with the development of subclinical atherosclerosis, however the mechanisms involved on the pathogenic process remain unknown.

Palavras-chave : atherosclerosis; periodontics; carotid artery diseases.

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