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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449

Abstract

PITTA, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão et al. Severe ischemia of lower limbs due to arteritis caused by HIV infection. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.4, pp.319-324. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492011000400012.

The acute limb ischemia may manifest itself, albeit unusual, as a consequence of vasculitis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This case report described a patient seropositive for HIV who developed bilateral distal ischemia with temperature decrease of distal legs and feet, severe pain, cyanosis of fixed toes, and absence of distal pulses. She underwent treatment with thrombolytic therapy, showed signs of injury resulting from ischemia and reperfusion tissue injury with tissue loss in the distal regions of the fingers, but with improvement of the signs and symptoms of lower limbs. It is a rare case in literature due to the association of vasculitis with HIV and to the torment of distal vases of the lower limbs. Despite of that, the knowledge of the pathology is extremely important because of the repercussion in the patients' lives.

Keywords : thrombosis; vasculitis; thrombolytic therapy.

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