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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449

Abstract

UCHOA, Mariane Torres et al. Ankle-brachial index in hemodialysis patients. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.4, pp.256-262. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-54492012000400002.

INTRODUCTION: Despite the high mortality in hemodialysis patients due to cardiovascular diseases, it is unusual performing diagnostic tests for peripheral arterial disease and poorly compressible arteries. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and poorly compressible arteries in hemodialysis patients, by comparing them to the Control Group. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study with 78 hemodialysis patients and 88 non-hemodialysis patients with at least two risk factors for peripheral arterial disease (Control Group). To evaluate blood pressure, portable vascular Doppler and sphygmomanometer were used. The pressure was measured from the limb without arteriovenous fistula. The ankle-brachial index was calculated for each artery of the lower limb. It was considered normal ankle-brachial index from 0.9 to 1.3. RESULTS: We diagnosed peripheral arterial disease and poorly compressible arteries in 26.9 and 30.8% of hemodialysis patients and in 33 and 22.7% of the Control Group. In hemodialysis patients, we found abnormal ankle-brachial index in 75% of symptomatic patients (p=0.005), in 67.3% of men and 31% of women (p<0.005), in 78.6% of the elderly, 34.8% of young adults (p<0.01), and 76.9% of diabetics (p<0.005 versus nondiabetic). These patients had a higher prevalence of severe peripheral arterial disease than the Control Group. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal ankle-brachial index was very prevalent in the groups studied; however, hemodialysis patients had more severe changes, when compared to the Control Group. Diabetes mellitus, male gender, and advanced age were important risk factors for abnormal ankle-brachial index in hemodialysis patients. The ankle-brachial index was a good method of screening for the studied changes; therefore, we suggest the routine use in the management of hemodialysis patients.

Keywords : ankle-brachial index; dialysis; peripheral vascular diseases.

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