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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

versão impressa ISSN 1677-5449


CAVALCANTE, Leonardo Pessoa et al. Retrograde venous bullet embolism after thoracic gunshot. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2013, vol.12, n.4, pp.324-328. ISSN 1677-5449.

Bullet embolism is a rare complication of penetrating gunshots. We present a case of a 24-year-old man with a gunshot wound in the left scapular area, with no exit wound. Abdominal X-rays and a computed tomography (CT) scan suggested that the bullet was located within the intra-abdominal topography (intrahepatic), but laparotomy revealed no intra-abdominal injuries. After surgery, a sequential CT scan showed that the bullet had migrated to the right internal iliac vein (IIV). Venography confirmed the diagnosis of right IIV embolism and the decision was taken to attempt snare retrieval of the bullet, which was unsuccessful. It was therefore decided to leave the missile impacted inside the right IIV and the patient was put on oral anticoagulation. The patient recovered and was event free at 6 months' follow up.

Palavras-chave : wounds, gunshot; embolism; tomography; phlebography; iliac vein.

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