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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449On-line version ISSN 1677-7301

Abstract

COELHO NETO, Felipe; ARAUJO, Gilson Roberto  and  KESSLER, Iruena Moraes. Evaluation of quality of life and photoplethysmography in patients with chronic venous insufficiency treated with foam sclerotherapy. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.2, pp.145-152. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.8314.

BACKGROUND:

Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy plays a major role in treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, providing clinical and hemodynamic improvement to patients undergoing treatment.

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the relationships between venous refilling time and impact of venous disease on quality of life and between changes in venous refilling time and improvement of symptoms after ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy for chronic venous insufficiency.

METHODS:

Thirty-two patients classified as C4, C5 or C6 answered a questionnaire on quality of life and symptoms and their venous filling time was measured using photoplethysmography before and 45 days after treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy.

RESULTS:

Statistically significant improvements were observed in quality of life scores and in venous filling time and in the following symptoms: aching, heavy legs, restless legs, swelling, burning sensations, and throbbing (p<0.0001). A similar improvement was also seen in the work and social domains of quality of life (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

As confirmed by questionnaire scores and venous refilling times, ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy demonstrated efficacy and resulted in high satisfaction levels and low rates of major complications.

Keywords : quality of life; chronic venous insufficiency; photoplethysmography; sclerotherapy; sclerosing solutions; color Doppler ultrasonography; varicose veins.

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