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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449On-line version ISSN 1677-7301

Abstract

RAYMUNDO, Selma Regina de Oliveira et al. What has changed in venous thromboembolism prophylaxis for hospitalized patients over recent decades: review article. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2019, vol.18, e20180021.  Epub Feb 07, 2019. ISSN 1677-5449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.002118.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease with high rates of morbidity and mortality and is considered the number one cause of avoidable mortality among hospitalized patients. Although VTE incidence is extremely high in all countries and there is ample evidence that thromboprophylaxis inexpensively reduces the rate of thromboembolic complications in both clinical and surgical patients, a great deal of doubt remains with respect to patient safety with this type of intervention and in relation to the ideal thromboprophylaxis methods. Countless studies and evidence-based recommendations confirm the efficacy of prophylaxis for prevention of VTE and/or patient deaths, but it remains underutilized to this day. This article presents a wide-ranging review of existing prophylaxis methods up to the present, from guidelines and national and international studies of thromboprophylaxis.

Keywords : venous thromboembolism; prevention & control; anticoagulants.

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