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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449On-line version ISSN 1677-7301


BELCZAK, Sergio Quilici et al. Renal arteriovenous fistula after renal biopsy: a case report and literature review. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2019, vol.18, e20180112.  Epub Apr 04, 2019. ISSN 1677-5449.

Acquired renal arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are rare conditions in which an anomalous connection arises between the arterial and venous systems. Renal AVFs can be classified into three main groups: idiopathic, congenital, and acquired, the last of which are the most common. Incidence has been increasing, due to the growing number of renal biopsies. Although the renal biopsy procedure is relatively safe nowadays, one possible complication is formation of an AVF in the renal vascular territory. Treatment of renal AVF is widely discussed in the literature and a variety of treatment methods can be employed. We report a case of arteriovenous fistula after renal biopsy that was successfully treated with endovascular coil embolization.

Keywords : arteriovenous fistula; therapeutic embolization; needle biopsy; coil embolization; post-biopsy hematuria; renal Doppler.

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