International braz j urol
Print version ISSN 1677-5538
VALENTINI, Françoise A.; MARTI, Brigitte G.; ROBAIN, Gilberte and NELSON, Pierre P.. Phasic or terminal detrusor overactivity in women: age, urodynamic findings and sphincter behavior relationships. Int. braz j urol. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.6, pp. 773-780. ISSN 1677-5538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-55382011000600014.
OBJECTIVES: To search for relationships between phasic (P) and terminal (T) DO with age, urodynamic findings and sphincter behavior during involuntary detrusor contraction in woman. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urodynamic studies (triple lumen catheter 7F, seated position) of 164 successive women referred for LUTS with diagnosis of DO were reviewed. Patients were stratified in 4 sub-groups: pre- (18-44y), peri- (45-54 y), post-menopause (55-74 y) and oldest old (≥ 75 y). The urethral sensor was positioned at the level of the maximum urethral closure pressure for sphincter behavior analysis. A variation of at least 5 cmH2O in pressure (detrusor or urethra) was chosen to assert DO or sphincter response. Sphincter response was classified as relaxation (re) before or during DO, or steady (st). RESULTS: Occurrence of P and TDO was similar: 77 P and 87 T. The PDO group was significantly younger (p = 0.0003). TDO was more frequent in patients with a history of neurological disease. The percentage of PDO remained almost constant in age groups, while that of TDO increased with age from 6.7% to 23.2% (p = 0.0013). Uninhibited contraction occurred at a smaller bladder volume in the P group: 149 ± 95 vs. 221 ± 113 mL (p < 0.0001). Steady sphincter predominated in the TDO subgroup: 45.9% vs. 32.1% and increased significantly in each DO sub-group of ³ 75y. CONCLUSION: Steady sphincter during both P and TDO, and occurrence of TDO appear as specific of aging. The last result could be related to structural changes in the detrusor muscle with aging.
Keywords : Urinary bladder; overactive; urinary incontinence; Women; Urodynamics.