versión impresa ISSN 1678-3166
CAPONI, Gustavo. Linajes y sistemas: dos tipos de individuos biológicos. Sci. stud. [online]. 2012, vol.10, n.2, pp. 243-268. ISSN 1678-3166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-31662012000200003.
Biological taxa are instances of a peculiar kind of individual that I will call lineages: individuals whose parts are their variants or tokens. Things as organisms, in contrast, are instances of this another kind of individual that I will call systems: individuals whose parts must maintain some synchronous causal interrelations among themselves that do not have to exist among the parts of a lineage, and cannot be considered as their variants or tokens. In this context, the distinction between a living individual considered as an organic system and as a token of a lineage will be object of a particular analysis, which will also lead us to examine the distinction part-character.
Palabras clave : Characters; Natural kinds; Lineages; Organisms; Taxa; Tokens.