Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
Print version ISSN 1678-5878
On-line version ISSN 1806-3691
CATALDO, Edson; LUCERO, Jorge Carlos; SAMPAIO, Rubens and NICOLATO, Lucas. Comparison of some mechanical models of larynx in the synthesis of voiced sounds. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. & Eng. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.4, pp.461-466. ISSN 1678-5878. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-58782006000400011.
The process of voiced sounds production can be described as follows: air coming from the lungs is forced through the narrow space between the two vocal folds, which are set in motion in a frequency governed by the tension of their tissues. The vocal folds change the continuous flow that comes from the lungs into a series of pulses. Then, as the flow passes through the oral and nasal cavities it is amplified and changed until it is finally radiated from the mouth. This complex process can be modeled by a system of integral-differential equations. In spite of such complexity, this paper shows that it is possible to obtain synthetic voice sounds of satisfactory realism using simple mathematical models. The perception of a synthetic sound as natural is increased by choosing suitable waveforms for the time-varying subglottal pressure, rather than by augmenting the number of degrees of freedom of the mechanical model. This paper also shows possible ways to adapt the models to voices of men, women and children.
Keywords : Voice production; articulatory synthesis; signal processing.