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Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering

Print version ISSN 1678-5878On-line version ISSN 1806-3691

Abstract

EGUSQUIZA, J.C.; BRAGA, S.L.  and  BRAGA, C.V.M.. Performance and gaseous emissions characteristics of a natural gas/diesel dual fuel turbocharged and aftercooled engine. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. & Eng. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.2, pp.142-150. ISSN 1678-5878.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-58782009000200007.

The aim of this paper is to investigate the performance and emissions characteristics of a turbocharged and aftercooled diesel engine operated with natural gas as primary fuel, and diesel fuel as ignition source. In such dual fuel operation, much of the energy released comes from the combustion of the gaseous fuel, while only a small amount of diesel fuel provides ignition through timed cylinder injection. The effects of diesel-natural gas substitution ratios, engine speed, and load on the equivalent brake specific fuel consumption and gaseous emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides are examined for natural gas-diesel fuel operation and, afterward, compared with the original diesel operation. The results show that, over a wide range of operating conditions (engine speed, load), the dual fuel engine clearly shows the benefits of reduced NOX emissions. However, under low loads, the results indicate high CO and HC emissions and a higher BSFC when compared to those of the corresponding diesel engine.

Keywords : diesel; dual fuel engine; emissions; natural gas.

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