Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
Print version ISSN 1678-5878
HOLANDA, Patrícia da Silva et al. Hydrodynamic modeling and morphological analysis of Lake Água Preta: one of the water sources of Belém-PA-Brazil. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. & Eng. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.2, pp. 117-124. ISSN 1678-5878. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-58782011000200001.
The main contribution from this paper includes the hydrodynamic modeling and morphological analysis of Lake Água Preta in Belém city, Pará State, Brazil. The lake bathymetry was taken through the data provided by COSANPA (the local sanitation and water supply company) dating back to 1975, and from a 2009 field study. Both bathymetries produced two terrain elevation models, which were used for morphological analysis and hydrodynamic simulations. The morphological analysis has revealed that, from 1975 to 2009, the annual mean rate of sedimentation varies between 23,065 and 29,081 m3/year. Through this result, the sedimentation time of Lake Água Preta, from 2009, has been calculated, which varies between 295 and 381 years, maintaining the same rate of sedimentation, water consumption and pumping. The hydrodynamic model simulated the depths and velocities, showing a slight flow with velocities ranging from 0 to 33 cm/s. This flow is established between water input and output of the lake, which is used as reservoir of Belém city.
Keywords : hydrodynamic modeling; morphological analysis; Lake Água Preta.