Journal of Applied Oral Science
Print version ISSN 1678-7757
CONZ, Marcio Baltazar; GRANJEIRO, José Mauro and SOARES, Gloria de Almeida. Physicochemical characterization of six commercial hydroxyapatites for medical-dental applicatons as bone graft. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2005, vol.13, n.2, pp. 136-140. ISSN 1678-7757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572005000200008.
The aim of this work was to characterize six hydroxyapatites in granular form for applications in medicine and dentistry as bone graft and to compare with manufacturers' specification. These samples were produced by four different manufacturers, and all of them are easily available in the Brazilian market. Physicochemical characterization was carried out by using electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and surface area (BET) measurements. The results show that just one hydroxyapatite sample exhibited characterisitics in perfect agreement with the manufacturers' specifications. The studied parameters, namely crystallinity, surface area and composition may be used to estimate hydroxyapatite's biodegradability and as a criterion for quality control.
Keywords : Hydroxyapatite; Calcium phosphate; Bone graft; Physicochemical characterization.